Biblical Resource: ANRW

Since coming to Durham, I have stumbled upon a reference collection that is very valuable for anyone wanting to dive into the world of the New Testament and learn more about the Jewish and Graeco-Roman context.  It is ANRW, or, Aufstieg und Niedergang der romischen Welt (Rise and Decline of the Roman World).  It is a set of 16 volumes that contains essays from scholars around the world in the areas of classics, Judaism, New Testament, and early church history.  It is not a ‘Christian’ collection.  It has a broader vision of dealing with the Roman world in general, but many essays deal with key issues of the time from social, political and religious perspectives.  Thought most of the articles appear to be in English, there are a large number of articles in German and French.  This is truly an international collaboration.  I have tried to look at the English articles and filter what might be of primary aid to NT researchers.  Forgive me if you have found my list wanting, but use it as you please.  I did not include German articles, but when I learn the language a bit better, I may give it a shot. Note, also, that you can search for topics in ANRW at this webpageRodney Decker has some more info on ANRW as well.

I plan on spending time with ANRW particularly for articles on Philo and non-Christian attitudes towards Christians in the Roman Empire.  This is just one kind of use for this series.



Judaism – general

Applebaum, S., Judaea as a Roman Province; the Countryside as a Political and Economic Factor II.8 (1977) 355-396


Hay, D.M., The Psychology of Faith in Hellenistic Judaism II.20.2 (1987) 881-925


Hoenig, S.B., The Ancient City-Square: The Forerunner of the Synagogue II.19.1 (1979) 448-476


Kottek, S.S., Hygiene and Healing among the Jews in the Post-Biblical Period: A Partial Reconstruction II.37.3 (1996) 2843-2865


Kraabel, A. Th., The Diaspora Synagogue: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence since Sukenik II.19.1 (1979) 477-510


Neusner, J., The Jews East of the Euphrates and the Roman Empire I. 1st-3rd Centuries A.D. II.9.1 (1979) 46-69


Neusner, J., The Formation of Rabbinic Judaism: Yavneh (Jamnia) from A.D. 70 to 100 II.19.2 (1979) 3-42


Rabello, A.M., The Legal Condition of the Jews in the Roman Empire II.13 (1980) 662-762


Sullivan, R.D., The Dynasty of Judaea in the First Century II.8 (1977) 296-354


Wardy, B., Jewish Religion in Pagan Literature during the Late Republic and Early Empire II.19.1 (1979) 592-644

Jewish Literature: general

Gruenwald, I., Jewish Apocalyptic Literature II.19.1 (1979) 89-118


Porton, G., Midrash: Palestinian Jews and the Hebrew Bible in the Greco-Roman Period II.19.2 (1979) 103-138

OT Pseudepigrapha

Charlesworth, J.H., A History of Pseudepigrapha Research: The Re-emerging Importance of the Pseudepigrapha II.19.1 (1979) 54-88


Charlesworth, J.H., The Concept of the Messiah in the Pseudepigrapha II.19.1 (1979) 188-218


de Jonge, M., The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs: Central Problems and Essential Viewpoints II.20.1 (1987) 359-420


Feldman, L.H., Flavius Josephus Revisited: the Man, His Writings, and His Significance II.21.2 (1984) 763-862


Moehring, H.R., Joseph Ben Matthia and Flavius Josephus: the Jewish Prophet and Roman Historian II.21.2 (1984) 864-944



Barraclough, R., Philo’s Politics. Roman Rule and Hellenistic Judaism II.21.1 (1984) 417-553


Borgen, Philo of Alexandria ANRW II.21.1 (1984) 98-154


Conley, Th.M., Philo’s Rhetoric: Argumentation and Style II.21.1 (1984) 343-371


Mack, B.L., Philo Judaeus and Exegetical Traditions in Alexandria II.21.1 (1984) 227-271


Pearson, B.A., Philo and Gnosticism II.21.1 (1984) 295-342


Sandmel, Philo Judaeus: An Introduction to the Man, his Writings, and his Significance II.21.1 (1984) 3-46


Terian, A., A Critical Introduction to Philo’s Dialogues II.21.1 (1984) 272-294


Winston, D., Philo’s Ethical Theory II.21.1 (1984) 372-416

Greco-Roman World

Attridge, H.W., The Philosophical Critique of Religion under the Early Empire II.16.1 (1978) 45-78


Birley, E., The Religion of the Roman Army: 1895-1977 II.16.2 (1978) 1506-1541


Fears, J.R., The Cult of Jupiter and Roman Imperial Ideology II.17.1 (1981) 3-141


Fears, J.R., The Cult of Virtues and Roman Imperial Ideology II.17.2 (1981) 827-948


Fears, J.R., The Theology of Victory at Rome: Approaches and Problems II.17.2 (1981) 736-826


Ferguson. Spiritual Sacrifice in Early X and its Environment II.23.2 (1980) 1151-1189


MacKay, Th.S., The Major Sanctuaries of Pamphylia and Cilicia II.18.3 (1990 ) 2045-2129


Mellor, R., The Goddess Roma II.17.2 (1981) 950-1030


Mitford, T.B., The Cults of Roman Rough Cilicia II.18.3 (1990) 2131-2160


Phillips, Ch. R., The Sociology of Religious Knowledge in the Roman Empire to A.D. 284 II.16.3 (1986) 2677-2773


Pohlsander, H.A., The Religious Policy of Decius II.16.3 (1986) 1826-1842


Stambaugh, J.E., The Functions of Roman Temples II.16.1 (1978) 554-608


Szemler, G.J., Priesthoods and Priestly Careers in Ancient Rome II.16.3 (1986) 2314-2331


Whitehorne, J., The Pagan Cults of Roman Oxyrhynchus II.18.5 (1995) 3050-3091

NT/Christianity – general

Amundsen, D.W. and Ferngren, G.B., The Perception of Disease and Disease Causality in the New Testament II.37.3 (1996) 2934-2956


Balch, D.L., Neopythagorean Moralists and the New Testament Household Codes II.26.1 (1992) 380-411


Benko, S., Pagan Criticism of Christianity During the First Two Centuries A.D. II.23.2 (1980) 1055-1118


Birdsall, J.N., The Recent History of the New Testament Textual Criticism (from Westcott and Hort, 1881, to present) II.26.1 (1992) 99-197


Colish, M.L., Stoicism and the New Testament: An Essay in Historiography II.26.1 (1992) 334-379


Derrett, J.D.M., Law and Society in Jesus’s World II.25.1 (1982) 477-564


Elliot, J.K., The Translations of the New Testament into Latin: The Old Latin and the Vulgate II.26.1 (1992) 198-245


Fee, G.D., The Use of Greek Patristic Citations in New Testament Textual Criticism: The State of the Question II.26.1 (1992) 246-265

Goulder, M.D., The Jewish-Christian Mission, 30-130 II.26.3 (1996) 1979-2037

Hanson, R.P.C., The Christian Attitude to Pagan Religions up to the Time of Constantine the Great II.23.2 (1980) 910-973


Jones, D.L., Christianity and the Roman Imperial Cult II.23.2 (1980) 1023-1054


Lichtenberger, H., Jews and Christians in Rome in the Time of Nero: Josephus and Paul in Rome II.26.3 (1996) 2142-2176


Lupieri, E.F., John the Baptist in New Testament Traditions and History II.26.1 (1992) 430-461


Malherbe, A.J., Hellenistic Moralists and the New Testament II.26.1 (1992) 267-333


Saddington, D.B., Roman Military and Administrative Personnel in the New Testament II.26.3 (1996) 2409-2435


Sanders, E.P., Jesus, Paul and Judaism II.25.1 (1982) 390-450


Sanders, J.T., The First Decades of Jewish-Christian Relations: The Evidence of the New Testament (Gospels and Acts) II.26.3 (1996) 1937-1978


Segert, S., Semitic Poetic Structures in the New Testament II.25.2 (1984) 1433-1462


Swartley, W.M., War and Peace in the New Testament II.26.3 (1996) 2298-2408


Voelz, J.W., The Language of the New Testament II.25.2 (1984) 893-977


White, J.L., New Testament Epistolary Literature Literature in the Framework of Ancient Epistolography II.25.2 (1984) 1730-1756

Jesus and Gospels

Charlesworth, J.H., The Historical Jesus in Light of Writings Contemporaneous with Him II.25.1 (1982) 451-476


Daube, D., Neglected Nuances of Exposition in Luke-Acts II.25.3 (1985) 2329-2356


Enslin, M.S., Luke and Matthew, Compilers or Authors? II.25.3 (1985) 2357-2388


Hollenbach, P.W., The Conversion of Jesus: From Jesus the Baptizer to Jesus the Healer II.25.1 (1982) 196-219


Kysar, R., The Fourth Gospel. A Report on Recent Research II.25.3 (1985) 2389-2480


Levin, S., The Early History of Christianity, in the Light of the ‘Secret Gospel’ of Mark II.25.6 (1988) 4270-4292


Meyers, E.M., The Cultural Setting of Galilee: The Case of Regionalism and Early Judaism II.19.1 (1979) 686-702


Rhoads, D.M., Network for Mission: The Social System of the Jesus Movement as Depicted in the Narrative of the Gospel of Mark II.26.2 (1995) 1692-1729


Stanton, G., The Origin and Purpose of Matthew’s Gospel: Matthean Scholarship from 1945-1980 II.25.3 (1985) 1889-1951


Tannehill, R.C., Types and Functions of Apophthegms in the Synoptic Gospels II.25.2 (1984) 1792-1829


Tiede, D.L., Religious Propaganda and the Gospel Literature of the Early Christian Mission II.25.2 (1984) 1705-1729


Whiteley, D.E.H., Was John Written by a Sadducee? II.25.3 (1985) 2481-2505


Wilcox, M., Jesus in the Light of his Jewish Environment II.25.1 (1982) 131-195

Paul and Acts

Best, E., Recipients and Title of the Letter to the Ephesians: Why and When the Designation “Ephesians”? II.25.4 (1987) 3247-3279

Bruce, F.F., The Acts of the Apostles: Historical Record or Theological Reconstruction II.25.3 (1985) 2569-2603


Dunn, J.D.G., Paul’s Epistle to the Romans: An Analysis of Structure and Argument II.25.4 (1987) 2842-2890


Mitchell, S., Population and the Land in Roman Galatia II.7.2 (1980) 1053-1081


N.N., Paul’s Leter to the Romans: Trends in Interpretation 1960-1986 [Hinweis auf den Nachtrag am Schluß von Band II 26] (Addendum to II.25.4) II.25.6 (1988) 4795

Oster, R.E., Ephesus as a Religious Center under the Principate, I. Paganism before Constantine II.18.3 (1990) 1661-1728

Sherk, R.K., Roman Galatia: The Governors from 25 B.C. to A.D. 114 II.7.2 (1980) 954-1052

Taylor, J., S.M., St Paul and the Roman Empire: Acts of the Apostles 13-14 II.26.2 (1995) 1189-1231


van der Horst, P.W., The Altar of the ‘Unknown God’ in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods II.18.2 (1989) 1426-1456


Vivano, B.T., O.P., Paul’s Letter to the Romans: Trends in Interpretation 1960-1986 [Hinweis auf den Nachtrag am Schluß von Band II.25.5] II.25.4 (1987) 2841

Latter Epistles

Bauckham, R.J., 2 Peter: An Account of Research II.25.5 (1988) 3713-3752

Bauckham, R.J., The Letter of Jude: An Account of Research II.25.5 (1988) 3791-3826


Davids, P.H., The Epistle of James in Modern Discussion II.25.5 (1988) 3621-3645


Soards, M.L., 1 Peter, 2 Peter, and Jude as Evidence for a Petrine School (with Addenda by V. Oliver Ward) II.25.5 (1988) 3827-3849

More Biblical Resources

I would like to recommend a book I turn to quite often, David deSilva’s Honor, Patronage, Kinship & Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture.  deSilva, a professor at Ashland Theological Seminary (my hometown), is an evangelical and an expert in social-scientific criticism and a wise exegete as well.  This book is somewhat of an introduction to the cultural background of the world of the NT, but done in a clear and down-to-earth fashion.  Whatever area of NT you are interested in, it can only be enhanced by better grasping these issues (mentioned in the title).  Some scholars in deSilva’s social-scientific circles are a bit overboard with the importance of such things, but deSilva is careful and convincing.

Feeding the addiction of commentary-o-philes

If you love biblical commentaries, as I do, you eagerly anticipate the latest volumes by our favorite authors. Well, I thought you might be interested in knowing what is coming down the pipeline in pauline commentaries (with Acts through in). BTW – I received this info from another commentary-o-phile: parableman.

ACTS: Darrell Bock (BEC), Loveday Alexander (Luke-Acts, Black’s), R. Pervo (Hermeneia), Joel Green (NICNT; replacement), Stanley Porter (NIGTC), Carl Holladay (NTL), David Peteron (Pillar), Steve Walton (WBC), Craig Keener (Independent)

1-2 THESSALONIANS: Jeffrey Weima (BakerEC), Helmut Koester ( Hermeneia), Karl Donfried (ICC)

GALATIANSL Douglas Moo (BakerEC), John Riches (Blackwell), Gerald Borchert (Cornerstone), Graham Stanton (ICC), Martinus de Boer (NTL), Gordon Fee (Pentecost), D.A. Carson (Pillar), NT Wright (Two Horizons)

1 CORINTHIANS: Jorunn Okland (Blackwell), E. Ellis (ICC), Alexandra Brown (NTL), Brian Rosner/Roy Ciampa (Pillar), Mark Bonningtonn (of Durham!; Two Horizons), Linda Bellville (WBC)

2 CORINTHIANS: George Guthrie (BakerEC), Ralph Martin (Cornerstone), Mark Seifrid (Pillar), Philip Towner (Two Horizons)

ROMANS: Richard Longenecker (NIGTC), Beverly Gaventa (NTL), Stanley Porter (Sheffield Readings), I.H. Marshall (Two Horizons)

PHILIPPIANS: John Reumann (Anchor), David Garland (Expositors), NT Wright (ICC), Charles Cousar (NTL), George Hansen (Pillar), George Guthrie (Zondervan)

COLOSSIANS: Greg Beale (BakerEC), Jerry Sumney (NTL), Douglas Moo (Pillar), Ben Witherington (Socio-Rhetorical)

EPHESIANS: Frank Thielman (BakerEC), Max Turner (NIGTC and Two Horizons), Stephen Fowl (NTL), Clinton Arnold (Zondervan)

PASTORALS: Stanley Porter (BakerEC), Linda Belleville (Cornerstone; 1 Timothy only), A. Kostenberger (Expositors), A. Malherbe (Hermeneia), Robert Yarborough (Pillar), Robert Wall (Two Horizons), Greg Beale (Zondervan).

AS FOR DATES, check the website linked above. They know some of the dates, but in the publishing world nothing happens ‘on time’. Also, these are not listed in order of release, so some may be 4-5 years off.