Jesus is a sacrament….

As I continue to study the Gospel of John, I am struck by the interesting dual-depiction of Jesus as the Word of God- the narration of his character and identity in verbal form, and also the visible representation of God (14:9). ¬†One theologian offers this kind of revelatory Christology in this way: ‘Jesus is a sacrament, because he is a finite visible reality which makes present and tangible in history the invisible reality of God’ (J.J. O’Donnell, The Mystery of the Triune God, 85).

From Text to Community

I have posted previously about my concern over the astronomical leaps some scholars make in identifying the Sitz im Leben behind a given confessional community in the first two Christian centuries. It seems to me that many scholars reject a great deal in a given text but then go on to create fantastic theories of events behind the text and then present those theories with utter assurance of their results. This morning I came across this pertinent quote from Halvor Moxnes on the Gospel of Luke:

How can we move from the text of Luke’s Gospel to the social situation of his first readers? This problem in ¬†Gospel research has not yet been solved. . . .The Lukan text creates a narrative world, and it is this world we examine as we analyze the social relations, ethos, and symbolic universe of Luke. Still, this does not mean that we now have a ‘window’ that opens onto the social situation of Luke’s historical community” (The Social Context of Luke’s Community,” Interpretation 49 [1994]: 379).

One would think that such a straightforward concept would be self-evident, but it is not. And, what Moxnes says is not just true of Lukan studies. Those working in Synoptic, Johannine, and Thomasine studies could benefit from such a measured agnosticism about their community-related conclusions.