For Paul, his rendering of Scripture is not an intentional distortion , but a truthful application when judged by its faithful apprehension of its subject matter, namely, the manifestation of God in Jesus Christ.
…Paul’s intertextual, christological reading is not a misreading, but a truthful witness to the Old Testament when read in the context of the dramatic transformation of reality achieved by the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
I just came across a forthcoming book (Sept 2009) by Peter Oakes called Reading Romans in Pompeii: Paul’s Letter at Ground Level (Fortress).
Here is the description:
Peter Oakes relies on demographic information and data from excavations in nearby Pompeii to paint a compelling portrait of daily life in a typical insula, or apartment complex, like the ones in which Paul’s audience in Rome likely lived. Imaginatively fleshing out profiles of the circumstances of actual residents of Pompeii, Oakes then uses these profiles to invite the reader into a new way to hear Paul’s letter to the Romans as the apostle’s contemporaries might have heard it. The result of this ground-breaking study is a fuller, richer appreciation of Paul’s most important letter.
Philippians and Philemon (New Testament Library) by Charles Cousar. Though this commentary series does not really have a good niche in the commentary market, they have contracted some great scholars (forthcoming – Gaventa on Romans; Joel Green on James; Stephen Fowl on Ephesians). Cousar will offer an excellent ‘theological’ reading here. His work on the cross is seminal. I don’t know much about this commentary except the description hints that Cousar plays up the problem of opponents.
Pauline Parallels (Walter Wilson): parallels to ancient literature such as DSS and greco-roman texts. Almost 500 pages ($50)
Theological Bible Commentary (eds. G.R. O’Day and D.L. Petersen). A one-volume commentary that attempts to ‘think theologically’ about biblical literature. Questions that will be emphasized include: What does each biblical book say about God? How does the book describe God and portray God’s actions? Who is God in these biblical books?
A sampling of contributors: Elizabeth Johnson, Luke Timothy Johnson, Stephen Kraftchich, Sandra Polaski, and Sze-kar Wan.