Video Resource: Donald Senior on the Passion and Death of Jesus in Matthew (Gupta)

This is not a new resource, but I just discovered it this week – a great lecture by Gospels expert Donald Senior on the death of Jesus in Matthew. Enjoy!

Mark Strauss on Jesus Behaving Badly (Gupta)

When I was a young believer, I had many questions about the Bible. I remember the deep appreciation I had for a book called Hard Sayings of the Bible. It offered complex, but well-researched explanations of the confusing and challenging texts in Scripture. It was refreshing to have a book that engaged with the messy things in the Bible.

JBBFast forward to 2011, and David Lamb published a book with IVP called God Behaving Badly – a short text that delved into the questionable reputation of the OT God, someone who was known to be angry, sexist, and racist. Lamb did a fantastic job painting a more nuanced portrait of the God of Israel – not a simplistic “rosy” picture, but a full one with a God who is angry, but also loving, particular, but also all-embracing, etc. Apparently Lamb’s book sparked a series, and the latest book is called Jesus Behaving Badly: The Puzzling Paradoxes of the Man from Galilee, by Mark Strauss. I had a chance to read this book recently and Strauss gets down and dirty in the mess of Jesus’ teachings and behavior. He does not sweep away a perplexing, offensive, and enigmatic Jesus – rather, Strauss wants to make sure we see Jesus in the full sense in which the Gospels portray him. It is an excellent read (very witty and engaging), and particularly useful for an undergraduate general ed class on the Gospels, or even for adult education in the church. Here is my endorsement:

Many people have the view that Jesus was basically a friendly and warm teacher. Those who have read the Gospels closely recognize, though, that Jesus said and did things that upset this rosy portrait.Jesus Behaving Badly engages the hard ‘sayings’ and ‘doings’ of Jesus, not by merely explaining them away, but by representing a fullness of Jesus in the three dimensions of a real historical figure and in the fourfold portrayal of the Gospels. If the aim of this book is to reckon with the whole Jesus and not a mere caricature, Strauss has accomplished this with sense and wit.

Dr. Joel Green’s Commentary Recommendations for Gospels and Acts (Gupta)

Over at Catalyst Resources, Dr. Joel Green (Fuller) offers his advice on best commentaries on Gospels and Acts.

Matthew: RT France (NICNT), Nolland (NIGTC); Keener (Eerdmans)

Mark: France (NIGTC), Strauss (ZECNT), Donahue/Harrington (SP)

Luke: Carroll (NTL), Green (NICNT), Bovon (Hermeneia)

John: Thompson (NTL, soon-coming!), Ramsey-Michaels (NICNT), Lincoln (BNTC), O’Day (NIB)

Acts: Gaventa (Abingdon), Wall (NIB), Spencer (Journeying through Acts), Peterson (Pillar), Schnabel (ZECNT)

Green is a recognized Gospels expert, so his recommendations are very worthwhile. I echo his choices, esp the works of RT France, and please do check out Marianne Meye Thompson’s new John commentary – it is spectacular! Here are some of my favorites in addition (not that you asked):

Matthew: Hagner (WBC) – phenomenal exegetical work, but also his pastoral and theological insights are profound.

Mark: Morna Hooker’s short work on Mark is one of my favorite (BNTC), and I would also add Larry Hurtado’s brief, but valuable NIBC volume.

Luke: I would add Mikeal Parsons’ Paideia volume, and note that RT France wrote the Teach the Text commentary on Luke (Baker) just before he passed away – it is a goldmine for pastors!

John: Lincoln is my favorite, but it also is worthwhile to mention Moody Smith’s Abingdon volume – lots of insight packed into a short volume.

Acts: Truth be told, I often return to classics like FF Bruce (NICNT) and Richard Longenecker (Expositor’s). But Gaventa is certainly the best for brief exposition and literary-theological insight.

The Gagnon-Kirk Debate on Scripture and Homosexuality (Gupta)

This semester I am teaching a seminary course on biblical hermeneutics. There are several case studies we will discuss, but none that is more controversial and sensitive than homosexuality and the church. The topic has especially heated up in evangelical circles in recent years due to leaders like Tony Campolo and scholars like David Gushee becoming public supporters of same-sex Christian marriages and full inclusion of homosexuals in the church. Perhaps some of you know that Fuller Seminary professor Daniel Kirk has embarked on a journey on this issue that has now led to full support for gay Christians. Someone pointed out to me recently a debate between Robert Gagnon and Daniel Kirk on this issue which has been posted to Vimeo. I will be encouraging my hermeneutics students to watch this debate when we get to the homosexuality discussion in our case studies. I am very interested in your thoughts on this debate, especially as it pertains to theological hermeneutics and how the Bible should be used by Christians today to shape theology and ethics – so please comment here, leave a note on FB (if we are friends), or email me (you can find my email here).

Ordination Standards Seminar 2 from Valley Presbyterian Church on Vimeo.

The Problem of Academic Freedom in Religious Higher Education (Skinner)

Consider No EvilEarlier this summer I wrote here on the blog about Dr. Brandon Withrow, a historian of Christianity who lost his faith while teaching at a faith-based institution. What made his situation unique is that he decided to be open about his loss of faith and leave his full-time position without causing a controversy. After reading his story, I contacted Brandon and had the privilege of Skyping with him about his journey and a host of other things. During the course of our conversation, I became aware of his most recent book (co-authored with Menachem Wecker), Consider No Evil: Two Faith Traditions and the Problem of Academic Freedom in Religious Higher Education (Eugene, OR: Cascade). Last week Brandon graciously sent along a copy of the book and I was so engrossed that I read it within the first two days. (By the way, this never happens. I am usually too busy to drop everything and read straight through ANY book.)

The book takes an in-depth look at some of the problems, pitfalls, and unique features of faith-based higher education here in the United States. The book is divided into four sections, each of which consists of a chapter from Withrow in which he discusses some element of Christian higher education followed by a chapter from Wecker, who then discusses Jewish higher education.

Part One is entitled, “Our Stories.” Here both authors give an in-depth look at their individual backgrounds as they relate to the subject matter of the book. (I should say that the book was written before Withrow lost his faith but surely while that evolution was taking place. It would be interesting to see what he might add to the book today.) Part Two is entitled, “Our Traditions” and discusses the rise of Christian and Jewish universities, respectively. Part Three, entitled “Our Limitations,” was simultaneously the most interesting and troublesome part of the book. I was especially interested in Chapter 5, “The Outrageous Idea of Christian Academic Freedom,” as it dealt with so many of the controversies that have led to the termination of professors here in the US in recent years. The fourth and final part of the book is entitled, “Our Solutions.” Frankly, I found this section to be somewhat depressing because the solutions mostly boil down to future job candidates being mindful of what they’re getting themselves into. In other words, sweeping reform among schools that have the power to make an unwarranted decision to fire a faculty member is unlikely.

Perhaps the most important (and also depressing) insight I gained from this book is the realization that, regardless of the motivation behind terminating a contract, faith-based schools will continue to have the freedom to do so with legal impunity, at least here in the United States. Over and over again, the authors make the point that the courts consider these matters to be religious in nature, and therefore refuse to rule against a school that has terminated a faculty member. This means that such schools can (legitimately or illegitimately) claim that the termination was over an issue of religious import, and the professor in question has no recourse.

I really enjoyed this book and will likely use it (especially Chapter 5) when helping students understand the slippery role of Biblical interpretation in many of the non-essential matters within the life of different denominational groups. I will also recommend this book to those young scholars who are considering pursuing a post at a religiously-affiliated school. There is much to be gained from thinking through the issues Withrow and Wecker point out in the course of their various discussions. We should be grateful for both their wisdom and their honesty.

In Dialogue with Chris Keith: My Syndicate Piece is Now Up (Skinner)

Scribal EliteThe most recent Syndicate symposium, focusing on Chris Keith’s Jesus Against the Scribal Elite, is in its second week. Last week there were pieces by Dagmar Winter and Tobias Hagerland. This morning my piece, and Chris’s response to my piece appeared. As anyone who has read my writing on this or my previous blog knows, I am largely sympathetic to the social memory approach undertaken in recent years by the likes of Chris Keith, Rafael Rodriguez, Anthony Le Donne, etc. You will hear that appreciation in my response to the book, though my reflection is largely devoted to an analysis of the book’s reception, both within the guild and the Christian community. We would love to hear any comments or reactions you might have.

SBL Nov 2015 Sessions That Caught My Eye! (Gupta)

SBL 2015 is coming up! Here are some sessions that caught my eye – esp excited about the review session for John Barclay’s Paul and the Gift.




Early Jewish Christian Relations; Paul Within Judaism
Joint Session With: Early Jewish Christian Relations, Paul Within Judaism
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Baker (Atlanta Conference Level) – Hyatt

Theme: Review of Paul within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle, Fortress 2015, ed. by Mark Nanos and Magnus Zetterholm

Pamela Eisenbaum, Iliff School of Theology, Presiding (5 min)
James Crossley, University of Sheffield, Panelist (15 min)
Christine Hayes, Yale University, Panelist (15 min)
Amy-Jill Levine, Vanderbilt University, Panelist (15 min)
Shelly Matthews, Brite Divinity School (TCU), Panelist (15 min)
Emma Wasserman, Rutgers University, Panelist (15 min)
Break (5 min)
Discussion (65 min)


Institute for Biblical Research
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: A602 (Atrium Level) – Marriott

Theme: IBR Unscripted
This session of the IBR annual meeting offers Biblical Scholars from throughout the academy the opportunity to present their new and innovative ideas in an engaging forum inspired by the famous TED talks. Scholars will speak without notes and are encouraged to use a variety of media to help the audience interact with their ideas. A generous discussion time will follow each presentation and refreshments will be served. For further information see

Katie Heffelfinger, Church of Ireland Theological Institute, Presiding
Peter Enns, Eastern University
On Not-Knowing When Knowing is All You Know (17 min)
Discussion (17 min)
Break (17 min)
Ruth Anne Reese, Asbury Theological Seminary
Remembering the Future, Shaping the Past: Memory, Narrative, and Identity (17 min)
Discussion (17 min)
Break (7 min)
Scott Hafemann, University of St. Andrews
The Unity of the Bible? Really? (17 min)
Discussion (17 min)
Break (17 min)
Break (7 min)


John, Jesus, and History
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: International 5 (International Level) – Marriott

Theme: Portraits of Jesus in the Gospel of John
In 2013 the John, Jesus, and History group began a series on Portraits of Jesus in the Gospel of John. It explores roles ascribed to Jesus in the Fourth Gospel, which also appear in other early Christian sources. Two years ago we considered Jesus as rabbi, prophet, and apocalyptic Son of Man. This year we continue with Jesus as healer, controversialist, Davidic Messiah, and Son of God.

Craig R. Koester, Luther Seminary, Presiding (5 min)
Graham H. Twelftree, Regent University
Jesus as Healer in the Gospel of John (30 min)
Tom Thatcher, Cincinnati Christian University
Jesus as Controversialist: Media-Critical Perspectives on the Historicity of the Johannine Sabbath Controversies(30 min)
Matthew Novenson, University of Edinburgh
Jesus as Messiah: The Unlikely Trove of Messiah Traditions in the Gospel of John (30 min)
Alicia D. Myers, Campbell University
Jesus as God’s Son: Blending Voices and Memory to Hear John’s Word (30 min)
Discussion (25 min)


Synoptic Gospels
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Marquis A-B (Marquis Level) – Marriott

Theme: Panel Review of Francis Watson, Gospel Writing: A Canonical Perspective (Eerdmans, 2013)

Robert Derrenbacker, Thorneloe University, Presiding
Francis Watson, Durham University, Introduction (10 min)
John Kloppenborg, University of Toronto, Panelist (15 min)
Mark Matson, Milligan College, Panelist (15 min)
Margaret Mitchell, University of Chicago, Panelist (15 min)
Francis Watson, Durham University, Respondent (15 min)
Discussion (80 min)


Biblical Ethics
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: Hanover D (Exhibit Level) – Hyatt

Theme: The Moral Vision of the Bible – A Methodological Discussion

Volker Rabens, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Presiding
Eryl W. Davies, Prifysgol Bangor – Bangor University
The Moral Vision of the Bible: A Hebrew Bible / Old Testament Approach (25 min)
Discussion (5 min)
Todd Still, Baylor University, Respondent (25 min)
Discussion (5 min)
David G. Horrell, University of Exeter
The Moral Vision of the Bible: A New Testament Approach (25 min)
Discussion (5 min)
Jacqueline Grey, Alphacrucis, Respondent (25 min)
Discussion (35 min)


John, Jesus, and History
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: Courtland (Atlanta Conference Level) – Hyatt

Theme: A Review of the John, Jesus and History Project
The John, Jesus, and History project has been contributing to the discussion of the Fourth Gospel and questions of history since 2002. This year a panel will reflect on the work that has been done, the contributions that have been made, and the questions that might set directions for the future.

Helen Bond, University of Edinburgh, Presiding (5 min)
Jan van der Watt, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
A Critical Appraisal of Challenging and Critical Views on the Historicity of John (30 min)
Andrew Lincoln, University of Gloucestershire
What is “History” in John, Jesus and History? (30 min)
Michael Labahn, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
The “Johannine Lens” and Many Current Lenses on “John and Jesus”: A Review of John, Jesus and History Volume III (30 min)
Mark Goodacre, Duke University
“Strange, Restless and Unfamiliar”: The Character of the Fourth Gospel in the John, Jesus and History Project (30 min)
Catrin Williams, Prifysgol Cymru, Y Drindod Dewi Sant – University of Wales, Trinity Saint David, Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (15 min)


Pauline Epistles
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: 406 (Level 4) – Hilton

Theme: Reviews of J. A. Harrill, Paul the Apostle and M. Novenson, Christ Among the Messiahs

Emma Wasserman, Rutgers University, Presiding
John Barclay, University of Durham, Panelist (20 min)
Laura Dingeldein, University of Illinois at Chicago, Panelist (20 min)
Paula Fredriksen, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Panelist (20 min)
Break (5 min)
J. Albert Harrill, Ohio State University, Respondent (25 min)
Matthew Novenson, University of Edinburgh, Respondent (25 min)


Theological Interpretation of Scripture
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: A602 (Atrium Level) – Marriott

Theme: Trinity in/and the Bible
All papers will be read in their entirety.

Brent Laytham, Saint Mary’s Seminary and University, Presiding
Murray Rae, University of Otago
Biblical Foundations of a Trinitarian Hermeneutic (20 min)
Discussion (5 min)
Mark S. Gignilliat, Beeson Divinity School, Samford University
Wish Fulfillment or Real Presence? The Old Testament’s Trinity (20 min)
Andrea D. Saner, Eastern Mennonite University
Trinitarian Judgments in/and the Book of Exodus (20 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Break (5 min)
Matthew Bates, Quincy University
Christology of Divine Identity? Septuagintal Dialogues in the New Testament as Trinitarian Critique (20 min)
Wesley Hill, Trinity School for Ministry
Paul and the Narratable Divine Identity (20 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Discussion (20 min)



Jewish-Christian Dialogue and Sacred Texts
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Grand Ballroom B (Level 2) – Hilton

Theme: A Review of Amy-Jill Levine’s Short Stories by Jesus: The Enigmatic Parables of a Controversial Rabbi

Adele Reinhartz, Université d’Ottawa – University of Ottawa, Presiding
Adele Reinhartz, Université d’Ottawa – University of Ottawa, Introduction (5 min)
Adam Gregerman, Saint Joseph’s University, Panelist (25 min)
Luke Timothy Johnson, Emory University, Panelist (25 min)
Annette Merz, Protestant Theological University Amsterdam, Panelist (25 min)
David Sandmel, Anti-Defamation League, Panelist (25 min)
Amy-Jill Levine, Vanderbilt University, Respondent (25 min)
Discussion (20 min)



Theological Interpretation of Scripture
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: A704 (Atrium Level) – Marriott

Theme: Bonhoeffer as Theological Interpreter
This session is co-sponsored with the Bonhoeffer: Theology and Social Analysis Group (AAR). Papers will be read in their entirety. This session investigates aspects of Bonhoeffer as a theological interpreter of Christian scripture. Papers explore Bonhoeffer’s own exegetical practice and its application in particular cases, examine the role of exegesis in the construction of Bonhoeffer’s own distinctive theological positions, and consider Bonhoeffer’s understanding of scripture and its consequences for contemporary debates about theological exegesis.

Myk Habets, Carey Baptist College, Presiding (5 min)
R. Walter Moberly, University of Durham
Bonhoeffer’s “Creation and Fall” Revisited (25 min)
Tyler Atkinson, Bethany College (KS)
Bonhoeffer, Qoheleth, and the “Natural Joy of Bodily Life” (25 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Break (5 min)
Chris Dodson, University of Aberdeen
“The Person Who Receives Blessing . . . Must Also Suffer Much”: Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Wilhelm Herrmann, and a Hermeneutic of Suffering (25 min)
Derek W. Taylor, Duke University
Nonreligious and yet Theological: Bonhoeffer’s Interpretation in a World Come of Age (25 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Discussion (20 min)


Pauline Soteriology
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: A602 (Atrium Level) – Marriott

Theme: Paul, Poverty, and the Powers

Richard Hays, Duke University, Presiding
Bruce W. Longenecker, Baylor University
Malignant Forces, Perpetual Poverty, and the Body of Christ: Theologizing toward an Eschatological Reality (30 min)
Robert Moses, High Point University
Paul, Poverty, and the Powers: The Body of Christ as Response (30 min)
Break (10 min)
A. Grieb, Virginia Theological Seminary, Respondent (15 min)
Luke Bretherton, Duke University, Respondent (15 min)
Discussion (50 min)


Bible and Emotion
4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: A706 (Atrium Level) – Marriott

Theme: Toward a Biblical Theology of Joy

Matthew Croasmun, Yale University, Presiding
Gary Anderson, University of Notre Dame, Panelist (25 min)
Samuel Balentine, Union Presbyterian Seminary, Panelist (25 min)
Stephen Barton, University of Durham, Panelist (25 min)
Michal Beth Dinkler, Yale Divinity School, Panelist (25 min)
Miroslav Volf, Yale University, Respondent (25 min)
Discussion (25 min)


GOCN Forum on Missional Hermeneutics
4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: Marquis A-B (Marquis Level) – Marriott

Theme: Review Panel Discussion of Michael J. Gorman’s book, Becoming the Gospel: Paul, Participation, and Mission (Eerdmans, 2015)
As a leading voice among Pauline scholars, Michael J. Gorman has written a number of significant books and articles on Paul’s theology in recent years, including Cruciformity: Paul’s Narrative Theology of the Cross (2001) and Inhabiting the Cruciform God (2009). His most recent contribution, Becoming the Gospel: Paul, Participation, and Mission (Eerdmans, 2015), extends and develops some of the themes highlighted initially in earlier works, and places particular emphasis on mission as an interpretive rubric for the Pauline epistles—an outgrowth, in part, of his work with the GOCN Forum on Missional Hermeneutics. In the introduction to Becoming the Gospel, Gorman calls his “affiliation with the Forum” “one of the most important professional developments for me in recent years,” noting that “learning to read Paul missionally—not merely as the quintessential ‘missionary’ but as a formator of missional communities—has been an exhilarating experience” (p. 10). Specifically, Gorman argues that “theosis—Spirit-enabled transformative participation in the life and character of God revealed in the crucified and resurrected Messiah Jesus—is the starting point of mission and is, in fact, its proper theological framework” (p. 4). Please join us for what promises to be a fascinating panel discussion—including responses by a fellow Pauline scholar, a congregational pastor, a missiologist, and a theologian—followed by an open-ended conversation about the missiological dimensions of Paul’s theology as illuminated in Gorman’s work.

Sylvia Keesmaat, Trinity College, University of Toronto, Presiding (5 min)
Michael J. Gorman, Saint Mary’s Seminary and University, Panelist (20 min)
J. Ross Wagner, Duke University, Panelist (15 min)
Eunice McGarrahan, First Presbyterian Church, Colorado Springs, Panelist (15 min)
Break (5 min)
George Hunsberger, Western Theological Seminary, Panelist (15 min)
John Franke, Evangelische Theologische Faculteit, Leuven, Panelist (15 min)
Michael Gorman, Saint Mary’s Seminary and University, Panelist (20 min)
Discussion (40 min)



Paul Within Judaism
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Marquis C (Marquis Level) – Marriott

Theme: For Paul, Do Jews Have to Become Christians to be Saved?

Paula Fredriksen, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Presiding (5 min)
John Marshall, University of Toronto
Deixis and Scope: Reading Romans in Time and Place (25 min)
Mark D. Nanos, University of Kansas – Lawrence
Are Jews Outside of the Covenants if Not Confessing Jesus as Messiah?: Questioning the Questions, the Options for the Answers Too (25 min)
Jason Staples, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Who is Israel? Understanding Paul’s Restoration Eschatological Hopes (25 min)
Larry Hurtado, University of Edinburgh, Respondent (25 min)
Break (5 min)
Discussion (40 min)


Pauline Soteriology
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Marquis A-B (Marquis Level) – Marriott

Theme: Review of John Barclay, Paul and the Gift (Eerdmans 2015)

Alexandra Brown, Washington and Lee University, Presiding
Joel Marcus, Duke University, Panelist (20 min)
Margaret Mitchell, University of Chicago, Panelist (20 min)
Miroslav Volf, Yale University, Panelist (20 min)
Break (10 min)
John Barclay, University of Durham, Respondent (40 min)
Discussion (40 min)


1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: 210 (Level 2) – Hilton

Theme: A Dialogue with Francis Watson’s Gospel Writing: A Canonical Perspective

Joel Willitts, North Park University, Presiding
Mark Goodacre, Duke University
What Does Thomas Have to Do with Q? The Afterlife of a Sayings Gospel (20 min)
Richard A. Burridge, King’s College – London
Ancient Biography, Matthew’s Genre and the Development of the Canonical Collection (20 min)
Jonathan Pennington, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
Theological Epistemology in the Gospel according to Matthew: A Watsonian “Canonical Perspective” (20 min)
Jens Schroeter, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin – Humboldt University of Berlin
The Place of Matthew’s Gospel among the (Canonical and Apocryphal) Gospels in the Second Century (20 min)
Break (5 min)
Francis Watson, University of Durham, Respondent (25 min)
Discussion (30 min)


Systematic Transformation and Interweaving of Scripture in 1 Corinthians
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: International 10 (International Level) – Marriott

Theme: Scripture and Eschatology in 1 Corinthians

Erik Waaler, NLA University College, Presiding
Raymond Collins, Brown University, Panelist (15 min)
Matthew Malcolm, Trinity Theological College (Perth), Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (25 min)
Break (2 min)
Ben Witherington, Asbury Theological Seminary, Panelist (15 min)
Roy Ciampa, Nida Institute for Biblical Scholarship at the American Bible Society, Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (25 min)
Break (2 min)
Craig Keener, Asbury Theological Seminary, Panelist (15 min)
Linda Belleville, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary, Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (21 min)


Christian Theology and the Bible
4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: Hanover E (Exhibit Level) – Hyatt

Theme: Spiritual Interpretation of Scripture
This panel will consider the relationship between spirituality and the Bible. Each panelist will respond briefly to the question, “What are the hallmarks of the spiritual interpretation of Scripture?” There will be time for discussion among the panelists as well as substantial time for Q&A and discussion between the panelists and those attending the session.

Pieter De Villiers, University of the Free State, Presiding (15 min)
Gordon McConville, University of Gloucestershire, Panelist (15 min)
Bo Karen Lee, Princeton Theological Seminary, Panelist (15 min)
Andrew Lincoln, University of Gloucestershire, Panelist (15 min)
Kathryn Greene-McCreight, Panelist (15 min)
Discussion (75 min)


Extent of Theological Diversity in Earliest Christianity
4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: M303-M304 (Marquis Level) – Marriott

Theme: Interactive Diversity
A discussion of “Interactive Diversity: A Proposed Model of Christian Origins” by Larry Hurtado (The Journal of Theological Studies, 64 [October 2013]: 445-462). Hurtado critiques the “trajectories” model proposed by J. Robinson and H. Koester and proffers another model which he thinks accounts more adequately for the diversity and complex nature of the interactions evident in early Christian sources.

David Capes, Houston Baptist University, Presiding (5 min)
Larry Hurtado, University of Edinburgh, Introduction (25 min)
Paula Fredriksen, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Respondent (15 min)
Carl Holladay, Emory University, Respondent (15 min)
Pheme Perkins, Boston College, Respondent (15 min)
Larry Hurtado, University of Edinburgh, Respondent (15 min)
Discussion (60 min)